بررسی عوارض شیر خوارگی و وضعیت رشد و تکامل در 1 سالگی در نوزادان متولد شده به روش سزارین الکتیو در سنین حاملگی های 38 هفته تمام و 39 و40 هفته در بیمارستان جامع زنان تهران طی سال 94-1393

بررسی عوارض شیر خوارگی و وضعیت رشد و تکامل در 1 سالگی در نوزادان متولد شده به روش سزارین الکتیو در سنین حاملگی های 38 هفته تمام و 39 و40 هفته در بیمارستان جامع زنان تهران طی سال 94-1393

1 شهریور 1

:  تشخیص زودرس تاخیرروند تکاملی در کودکان پر خطرمساله اي مهم است. کودکان با یک یا چند عامل خطردر قبل یا حوالی زایمان در معرض خطر تأخیر تکامل بیشتري می باشند ویکی از عوامل خطر در این مورد زایمان سزارین است. هدف از این مطالعه بررسی تعیین وضعیت تکامل کودکان با زایمان به روش سزارین انتخابی در هفته های 38 تا 40 بارداری بود. روش بررسی:  در این مطالعه گوهورت آینده نگر، تکامل 952 نوزادان تک قلوی زنده متولد شده در فاصله زماني فروردین 1393 تا اردیبهشت 1394، در مرکز آموزشی درمانی جامع زنان تهران را مورد بررسي قرار گرفتند. ابزار مورد استفاده در این پژوهش پرسشنامه ی استاندارد ASQ و فرم تکمیلی دیگري بود که اطلاعات ضروري مطالعه در آن  ثبت شد. داده ها با استفاده از آزمون هاي کاي دو وشاخص هاي میانگین، انحراف معیار و درصد فراوانی تجزیه و تحلیل شدند. یافته ها: در این مطالعه  952 کودک تحت بررسی قرار گرفتند.که تمامی این موارد با سن حاملگی 38, 39 یا 40 هفتگی به دنیا آمده بودند. از این میان 314 کودک با سن حاملگی 38 هفته , 409 کودک با سن حاملگی 39 هفته و مابقی(229) نفر دارای سن حاملگی 40 هفته بودند. در این مطالعه تقریبا هیچ نوزدای در یک سالگی در تمام حیطه های تکاملی تاخیر نشان ندادند. نتیجه گیري:  در مطالعه ی ما نشان داده شد که در زایمان در هفته های بین 38 تا 40 سزارین انتخابی منجر به افزایش عوارض نوزادی نمی شود همانطور که در سایر مطالعات نشان داده شده است که عوارض در هفته های پایین تر از 38 بیشتر می باشد.   كليد واژه ها : نوزاد تک قلو، تاخیر تکامل، هفته های 38 تا 40 بارداری، زایمان به روش سزارین انتخابی، پرسش نامه ASQ ، رشد یک سالگی، تکامل یک سالگی مشخصات دانشجو: نام: نفیسه باوقار رشته تحصيلي:پزشکی  مقطع:   دکتری عمومی                 گروه آموزشي:زنان            پست الكترونيك دانشجو: Baveghar_n@hotmail.com اساتيد راهنما و داور: استاد راهنما :خانوم دکتر شیرازی   اساتيد مشاور :خانوم دکتر نیرومنش/شریعت،آقای دکتر زرکش  اساتيد داور:خانوم دکتر یارندی،خانوم دکتر محسنی زمان دفاع :    روز دوشنبه  تاريخ 29/6/1395 ساعت12 مكان دفاع به آدرس: آمفی تیاتر بیمارستان محب یاس   اطلاعات به زبان انگليسي Title: The timing of elective caesarean deliveries and early neonatal outcomes in singleton infants born 37–41 weeks’ gestation   Abstract: Background: Births by elective caesarean section (CS) are rising, particularly before 39 weeks’ gestation, which may be associated with unacceptably high risk of adverse neonatal outcomes. The optimal timing of these deliveries needs to be determined with recent recommendations to delay births by elective CS until 39 weeks. Aims: To evaluate the association between gestational age (GA) at delivery and neonatal outcomes after elective CS between 38 and 40 weeks. Materials and Methods: Proospective cohort study of viable singleton neonates delivered by elective CS at … Hospitals. The primary outcome examined was serious respiratory morbidity; secondary outcomes included depression at birth, nursery admission and assisted ventilation. Results: 952 singleton births delivered at our hospital between 1394 and 1395, 314 of total deliveries were at the gestational age of 38 week; and 409 viable singleton pregnancies were at 38 weeks of gestation and 229 of total were at the gestational age of 40 week. No adverse neonatal outcomes according to the gestational age were seen. 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